How do braces work | How to take care of your braces | Periodontology
Cosmetic Dentistry | Dental Prophylaxis

How do braces work?

  • Teeth can slowly be moved and shifted into proper position by applying pressure in certain directions. Bands, wires and elastics are placed on the teeth to move them in the right direction. This takes place slowly and carefully over an extended period of time.
  • Shifting teeth back into a functional position can take months to years, but eventually you'll have a new and improved mouth!
  • Retainers are often used after the braces, to hold the teeth in their new position until they are stable.
  • It is important to wear the braces or an appliance for however long it takes. If you quit at any point during treatment, the teeth can shift back into their old position.

How to take care of your braces?
  • Braces collect food and dental plaque very easily. If proper hygiene is neglected during orthodontic treatment both tooth decay and periodontal disease can easily occur.
  • It is very important to maintain a daily plaque control program. This program can be determined by your dentist. Such a program may be as follows:
  • A soft toothbrush should be used. A special orthodontic toothbrush can also be used to brush your teeth.
  • Flossing with braces takes more time than usual.
  • An interdental brush can be used to fit between the wire and the tooth to remove hard-to-reach plaque and food debris.
  • Oral irrigators can be used as an adjunct to brushing and flossing. This helps remove food debris and plaque.
  • A mouthwash containing fluoride can be used to help prevent cavities from occur.
  • Hard foods should be avoided since they can bend the wires, loosen the bands or break the brackets. Fruits and raw vegetables should be cut up into smaller pieces and chewed on the back teeth.
  • Sticky foods, such as gum, toffee and caramel should be avoided since they can bend and break the wires and brackets.
  • Foods high in sugar should also be avoided, since this increases the chances of tooth decay.
  • Regular dental appointments are important to monitor the health of the teeth and gums during orthodontic treatment.
  • Orthodontics is a lot of work and taking care of them is not easy, but in the end, the results will be worthwhile when you have your new and improved smile.


Gingivitis – gingivitis is the inflammation of the gum tissue. The gums are irritated and swollen due to a plaque or tartar build-up along the gum line. The gums may be sore, bleed easily and appear puffy, soft and swollen. No bone structure is lost around the teeth at this stage of gum disease. Blood on the toothbrush or floss is one of the earliest and most common signs of gingivitis. Your gums should never bleed while brushing or flossing. The good news about gingivitis is that it is preventable and reversible through good brushing and flossing techniques (or other inter-dental cleansing). On the other hand, if oral hygiene habits are poor, gingivitis may progress to periodontitis.

Periodontology - A more advanced stage of gum disease involving bone and ligament surrounding the teeth. Periodontal disease is the destruction of the bone and the structures supporting the teeth. Unfortunately, periodontitis is irreversible, but you can stop its progression through good oral hygiene and visiting your dentist

Advanced Periodontology - Further progression of periodontitis with major loss of bone support. The gums recede farther and pus develops. The consequences can be even more serious: massive bone deterioration and loosening or falling out of teeth. Adult gum disease is usually not painful. It can progress slowly. You may not even be aware of it until the advanced stages, when the tooth is in danger of being lost. Check your gums thoroughly and regularly. It is also important to go for a regular check-up to the dentist, who can detect the early stages of gum diseases, when it is the easiest to treat .

Cosmetic Dentistry

Bleaching – lightens stains or discolorations and can be performed on living teeth or that have undergone root canal treatment.

Bonding – restores chipped, cracked, miscolored or misaligned teeth by rebuilding the surface with a plastic or porcelain material.

Porcelain crowns – are tooth-shaped shells that correct or hide the discoloration, damage or misalignment.

Inlays and onlays – are tooth-colored restorations that are used on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth. They can be placed instead of silver fillings or to replace the existing ones.

Orthodontics – corrects crowded teeth, misaligned teeth and bite problems in children and adults.

Dental Prophylaxis

Sealants - are thin plastic coatings applied in the dental office on the chewing surfaces of back teeth, a prime spot for cavities. Sealants act as a barrier to prevent bacteria and food from collecting and sitting on the grooves and pits of the teeth. Sealants are best suited for permanent first molars which erupt around the age of 6 and second molars that erupt around the age of 12. It is important to have the sealant applied as soon as the tooth has fully come in.

Dental fluoridation - Dental decay is for sure a very common problem. One way to prevent this disease from occurring is through the use of fluoride. Fluoride helps harden the tooth enamel and make it more resistant to tooth decay. A small cavity can be stopped and even reversed by the remineralization process enhanced by fluoride. Fluoride can be delivered to the teeth in 2 ways: topically (direct contact on the teeth) and systemically (enters the blood stream). Topical forms of fluoride include: toothpastes, professional fluoride application – this is a gel that is applied for 1-4 minutes, usually in a tray at the end of a dental treatment, fluoridated mouthrinses, home care fluoride gels – applied by trays or brush.